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Tree Transplanting: Don't Just Dig It Up, Do It Right!

Updated: Mar 22

In today's world of expanding infrastructure, development often comes at the cost of mature trees. But what if there was a way to minimize that impact? Tree transplantation offers a powerful solution, allowing us to save valuable trees while still progressing with essential projects. This blog delves into the methods and importance of tree transplantation, specifically focusing on its role in infrastructure development. We'll explore how this practice helps preserve the environmental benefits and beauty of established trees, while also ensuring the success of crucial infrastructure projects.

Tree Transplantation Process

1. Transplantation Site Preparation

Soil Treatment should start at least 5 to 7 days before transplanting. The Plantation pit needs to be 1.5 times the size of the Root ball, Dig the pit and prepare the soil with proper aeration removing soil compression at the bottom/side of the pit and watering the pit daily, Anti-fungus and anti-termite treatment of the at least 3 days before. Prepare refill Soil mixture of 50:20:20 (FYM/Wormy Compost: local soil: mother soil).

2. Tree Preparation

The pre-treatment of the tree should begin at least 5 to 7 days before the actual removal of the tree. A one-meter-deep trench has to be dug around the tree trunk at a distance of about 1.5 to 2.0 m from the tree trunk with a medium bucket JCB and water continuously.

Watering should be done in the trench only. The shape can be either Rectangular or Circular. Root growth promoters and Antibacterial and Antifungal spray/solution need to be used if any roots are exposed and found injured. Crown or root pruning can be done depending on the species and local conditions. However, care should be taken that the injury caused to the tree is minimal.

3. Pruning

Tree pruning may be required and depends upon season, Root ball size, and tree species.

4. Tree Shifting

Mark tree for its orientation to East and West directions, so that a similar orientation is maintained (as far as possible) at the receptor site. When the tree is freed from the soil with the help of a JCB/machine, the roots, and the soil ball should be covered with wet gunny bags. The roots and the soil ball should be constantly kept covered with wet gunny bags and watered to reduce the impact of exposure to sun and desiccation.

5. Tree Placement

The tree should be properly placed (avoid tilting) and preferably in the same orientation similar to the donor site. Fill the pit with refilled soil at the bottom and 1/3rd part of the pit. Keep watering till good compaction is achieved. Over and above this, there is another layer of local soil (above ground level). This will ensure providing proper balance/compaction to the tree.

6. Watering

Regular watering is important for proper root growth and tree establishment, thereby minimizing susceptibility to stress. Watering frequency depends on weather, drainage, soil type, planting season, and tree species. Care should be taken to avoid water logging which causes root rot.


The trees that are transplanted in the growing season when shoot growth is at its peak,

are mostly unsuccessful & lead to mortality eventually

Tree Type 




Large Tree 


September to


April to June

Medium and Small Tree 

July to August

September to


April to June

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